According to research by Dr. Nick Perham, a lecturer in music psychology at the University of Wales, listening to music while working on a task that involves words or numbers can decrease productivity. Dr. Perham’s research showed that it took participants who listened to music 20% longer to complete a task than those who worked in silence.

However, Dr. Perham’s research also found that listening to music can improve productivity when performing tasks that involve creativity, such as coming up with new ideas. In such situations, listening to music can help to create a positive mood, which enhances creativity.

A study conducted by researchers at the University of Miami’s School of Music showed that people who listened to music while working on a task that involved a repetitive nature, such as data entry or filing, completed the task faster than those who worked in silence. The study found that listening to music improved the mood of the participants, which led to increased motivation and productivity.

The type of music you listen to and the volume can significantly affect your productivity. For tasks that involve spatial reasoning and mathematical abilities, such as coding or working with numbers, classical music is a good choice. It can help create a calming effect and improve concentration. Jazz music is a great choice for tasks that involve creativity, such as brainstorming or writing. It can help enhance your problem-solving abilities and boost your creativity. For tasks that involve repetition, such as data entry or filing, pop or rock music can be a good choice. The upbeat tempo can help increase your motivation and productivity.

It’s important to avoid music with lyrics when working on tasks that require concentration, as the lyrics can be distracting. Instead, opt for instrumental music or music with minimal lyrics. The volume is also crucial in maximizing productivity. A study by researchers at the University of Sydney found that music should be played at a volume of 70 decibels, which is roughly equivalent to the sound of a vacuum cleaner or a hairdryer. Playing music at a higher volume can be distracting and can lead to decreased productivity.

It’s worth mentioning that music can also affect our mood and emotions. If you’re feeling stressed or overwhelmed, playing calming music can help you relax and reduce stress. Similarly, playing upbeat music can boost your energy and motivation, helping you tackle difficult tasks.

If you’re working in a shared space, make sure to use headphones to avoid disturbing your colleagues. Additionally, be mindful of the music you choose to play in a communal workspace to avoid distracting others.

Playing music in a workplace can create a positive atmosphere, boost morale, and improve employee satisfaction. A survey conducted by Peldon Rose, a London-based office design and fit-out company, found that 77% of employees reported increased productivity when music was played in the workplace.

Finally, the timing of when you play music can also be crucial in enhancing productivity. For instance, playing calming music during a lunch break can help you relax and recharge for the rest of the workday. Alternatively, playing upbeat music in the morning can help you start the day with a positive attitude.

The effects of music on productivity depend on various factors such as the type of music, the volume, and the type of task being performed. By following these practical tips, you can choose the right music to help you stay focused, motivated, and productive throughout the workday. So, put on your headphones, find the right tunes, and get ready to take on the day!